Gender Assigned at Birth
The gender assigned to a person based on the physical appearance of their reproductive genitals at the time of their birth.
The chromosomes, physical appearance of genitals, sex hormone levels, and gonads, that comprise the gender expressed by the body. Most people are born as biologically male or female, but some are born intersex: possessing an uncommon combination of chromosomes, or with genitals that don't meet society's standards for the appearance of either binary gender (female or male). For many people, biological sex remains constant throughout their lives. For trans people who use hormone therapy and/or gender affirming surgery to alter their sex hormones and/or genitals, biological sex can fluctuate during their lifetimes and become complicated to define.
The personal sense of one's own gender identity. This often, but not aways, matches the gender a person is assigned at birth. Studies show that gender identity develops around ages 3-5, but for many nurture, social, personal, and environmental reasons, many people do not realize their gender identity until later in life.
An adjective referring to someone who identifies as transgender and/or non-binary. Refers to a person who gender identity does not match the gender they were assigned at birth.
Please note that this term is an adjective and should only be used as such; for instance, "John Doe is a trans person" is grammatically correct while "John Does is a trans" is not.
An adjective referring to someone whose gender identity does not match the gender they were assigned at birth. Though many transgender people decide to use hormones and/or one or more surgeries to bring their physical body into greater congruence with their gender identity, some transgender people never medically transition in any way. Some transgender people never even change their gender expression, name, or pronouns.
Please note that this term is an adjective and should only be used as such; for instance, "John Doe is a transgender person" is grammatically correct while "John Does is a transgender" is not.
An adjective referring to someone whose gender identity does not align with either of the binary genders (male or female). Many people who are transgender also identify as non-binary, but many people who identify as non-binary do not also identify as transgender.
Please note that this term is an adjective and should only be used as such; for instance, "John Doe is a non-binary person" is grammatically correct while "John Does is a non-binary" is not.
An adjective referring to someone whose gender identity matches the gender they were assigned at birth. For instance, a person assigned female at birth and identifying as a woman is cisgender. This gender comprises the majority of the human population.
Please note that this term is an adjective and should only be used as such; for instance, "John Doe is a cisgender person" is grammatically correct while "John Does is a cisgender" is not.
An adjective referring to someone who feels they have no gender identity or who rejects the concept of gender altogether. For instance, a person assigned female at birth and identifying as a woman is cisgender. This gender comprises the majority of the human population.
Please note that this term is an adjective and should only be used as such; for instance, "John Doe is an agender person" is grammatically correct while "John Does is an agender" is not.
Putting gender into strictly 2 categories (male and female) and refusing to acknowledge genders outside of male and female. The reality is there are currently more than 200 gender identities in use today.
An instructor says, "When one commits murder, he or she should be arrested and stand trial."
The instructor's use of "he or she" implies that the gender of a hypothetical person must fall into 1 of only 2 categories, thereby implying that no one can possess a gender identity, or identify with pronouns, that are outside of those 2 categories. The instructor has failed to acknowledge gender diversity.
The existence of gender identities outside of cisgender man and cisgender woman. Sometimes derogatively referred to as "tragenderism."
The clothing, accessories, posture, mannerisms, interests, and appearance (hair style, use of makeup, jewelry) and other behaviors that are associated with a particular gender.
A reaction of fear, loathing, and discriminatory treatment of people whose identity or gender presentation (or perceived gender or gender identity) does not “match,” in the societally accepted way, the sex they were assigned at birth.
"Ew, is that man wearing a dress and makeup?"
The above comment implies a reaction of disgust toward a masculine-appearing individual who is expressing themselves in what is socially constructed in the United States to be within the realm of the feminim gender expression.
"For the field trip, I made the transgender stay in a separate hotel room of their own, rather than with the normal girls."
This faculty member not only segregated the student without consideration for whether they are out as transgender or feel comfortable being outed and isolated, but the faculty member's use of the adjective "normal" implies being cisgender is "normal" and therefore this faculty member considers being transgender to be "abnormal." This faculty member also failed to consider that segregating trans people calls attention to their presence, thereby reducing their safety. And if this transgender person identifies with the she/her/hers pronouns, and the faculty member is aware of this, then the use of the they/them/theirs pronouns is a disregard for the transgender person's correct pronouns. Finally, the use of the adjective "transgender" as though it is a noun offensively implies that "transgender" is the student's sole aspect of identity, or the only one of importance.
The belief that heterosexuality is the norm and that sex, gender, sexuality, and gender roles all align.
"I refuse to respect Arien's identity as a man because he keeps wearing pink and even wears dresses sometimes."
This person believes that because Arien's gender identity is male, Arien's gender expression should also always match.
"I don't understand why that trans woman is marrying a woman. The whole point of having a vagina is to put something in it."
This person assumes that because a trans woman has had vaginoplasty and identifies as a woman, her sexuality must match that of a heterosexual woman.
"That trans person still has breasts and has sex with men, so really, she is just a tomboy."
This comment assumes that a person assigned female at birth who is attracted to men cannot identify as a gay, trans man or identify with the male pronouns he/him/his.
The omission of LGBTQ persons from cultural narratives.
An instructor teaches their students about Second Wave Feminism and Rosa Parks, but forgets to mention Stonewall.
This instructor has unintentionally omitted LGBTQ culture from their academic narrative on historical rights movements.
"Welcome to the show, ladies and gentlemen."
This announcer just ignored the presence of all trans persons within the audience.
An instructor begins a discussion with their students about Martin Luther King, Jr. and Mary Wollstonecraft but when a student mentions Marsha P. Johnson, the instructor ignores the student's comment and redirects the conversation back to the aforementioned figures.
This instructor has erased an important LGBTQ figure from the classroom narrative on historical activists.
The distress (commonly feelings of discomfort, anxiety, and/or sadness) associated with the incongruence of one's biological sex and gender identity.
Using the wrong pronoun to refer to someone, whether by accident or intentionally.
Dead Name (or Birth Name)
Also sometimes referred to as "birth name," the "dead name" is the first name a trans person had before changing it during their social gender transition to one that more accurately represents their true identity. It is called a "dead name" because many trans people consider their old identity to be "dead" to them. Some trans people prefer to call it their "birth name" because they do not experience the same level of negativity with that name, though they may still experience just as much discomfort when referred to by it. The dead name/birth name is usually, though not always, the name a trans person was assigned at birth.
A Trans Ally
Someone who confronts heterosexism, transphobia, and heterosexual privilege in themselves and others because they care about the well-being of trans people and see heterosexism and transphobia as social justice issues.
A Trans Advocate
Someone who investigates their community's culture and facilities for trans-friendliness, inclusivity, and cultural competence, advocates for trans-friendly policy, facility, and law changes, and educates others about trans issues and needs because they see trans inequity, exclusion, and erasure as a social justice issue.